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   May 11

Scurvy and Vitamins

Already at the time of Mendeleyev (1834-1907) was known that the food itself consists of several components, and very important parts: proteins, fats, carbohydrates. Scientists have known proteins, it is the metabolism, fat: a source of energy, carbohydrates: structural constituent of all living cells. How, then, assured this is quite enough for a full human life. But even much earlier in time, this untouchable postulate many times been questioned. Even in times of round the world voyages, long journeys on earth many travelers, such as Christopher Columbus, Ferdinand Magellan and many others, have attacked the specific disease-related as precisely the wrong or malnutrition.

Trial and error revealed that the abundant and delicious food does not guarantee that people get sick from this terrible disease, such as scurvy. Die of the disease to 80% of all discoverers new land. It was clear that food should enter additional substances that are found not in the whole meal. So after quite some time now been opened vitamins. Vitamins – are organic compounds, that provide exemplary biochemical and physiological processes in the body. Among the vitamins, there are 2 large species – vitamins, fat soluble, and vitamins are soluble in water.

In each form submitted there is a large amount of various vitamins. All vitamins are indicated only in the Latin alphabet. Every one of the vitamins can prevent the formation of a disease. That's why necessarily need to know some of the vitamins responsible for the anti – the formation of a disease.

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