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   Feb 22

Historical Century

The monastery grew and later under his protection were being transferred to the Valley Teberda Sentinsky Shaoninsky and temples built in the same period, and temples Arkhyz. The monastery grew in popularity among Christian believers around the monastery began to settle many hermits in the cells, caves, located in the surrounding rocks. The monastery he lived and grew up to October Revolution in Russia, then began to decay and was closed, which was accompanied by bloodshed and violence. Three monks were killed, everything was looted, and many destroyed, damaged or destroyed icons, utensils, household items. The buildings of the monastery was located a colony for juveniles, then lived here, refugee children from the siege of Leningrad, and later was a tourist camp for children, and now is administered by Karachay-Cherkessia Historical and Archaeological Museum.

At the end of the century, more specifically in 1999 on a flat sandstone rock was discovered by the face of Christ – the image of Jesus Christ, possibly related to the epoch of formation Christianity in the region, ie to the IX-X century. Lick performed according to the Orthodox canon, turned to the east. About the time of writing, it is debatable, many believe that it was written by monks or hermits in the late 19 th century. Largest Alan is a monument of Christianity Lower Arkhyz fort, which occupies an area of almost 100 hectares, is situated at an altitude of 1150 m, right on the river Great Zelenchuk. Here were built three temples – North, Middle and Southern (Ilyinsky).

Arkhyz temples were built in the IX-X century, the Abkhaz-Georgian architects on the basis of cross-domed composition – the building have the form of an inscribed cross surmounted by a dome. Most monumental Christian church North Caucasus located at the end of the valley, its height of 20 m. The temple is the center of a small village, where the residence of Alan metropolitans. During excavations around the temple were found remains of several churches, many ancient tombs have been found over a hundred items, such as earrings, rings with semiprecious stones inside the temple. The main temple is located on the northeastern outskirts of the settlement and was intended to Great for crowded worship. It was built of large, well-treated plates held together with lime mortar, so it is well preserved until today. Southern or Ilyinsky temple is situated among the residential quarters of the settlement, was named in honor of the saint of God, the prophet Elijah. This is the smallest in size church in the height of it, only 8 am here committed worship before the Baptism of Russia. Dome space in the temple stretched, which is feature of this temple. In the late 19 th century temple has been renovated and changed from an architectural perspective. During the foundation of the monastery South Temple was dedicated in honor of St. Alexander Nevsky. In 1991, the temple was re- open for worship.

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