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   May 11

Behaviorism

INTRODUCTION AND CONCEPT Behaviorism is a stream of psychology inaugurated by John B. Watson (1878-1958) advocated the use of strict experimental procedures to study the observable behavior (the behavior) and denies any possibility of using subjetvos methods as introspection. Its theoretical foundation is based on a stimulus that follows a response, and this is the result of the interaction between the body receiving the stimulus and the environment. Considers that the external observation is only possible for the establishment of a scientific psychology. The behavioral approach in psychology has its roots in the association of English philosophers, as well as the American school of psychology known as functionalism and the Darwinian theory of evolution, since both currents stressed a conception of the individual as an organism adapting to the environment (or environment). HISTORY AND EVOLUTION The onset of behavioral therapy as a scientific discipline applied to the understanding and treatment of psychological problems lies in the early XX.Como already mentioned, John B. Watson was the first researcher who worked with what he called "behaviorism." At that time, the psychology dominated the study of psychic phenomena internally through introspection, very subjective method.

Watson did not deny the existence of internal psychic phenomena, but insisted that such experiences could not be subjected to scientific study because they were not observable. This approach was strongly influenced by the pioneering research of the Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov and Vladimir M. Bekhterev on animal conditioning. Pavlov believed that acts of life were no more than refiected, and is particularly interested Betcherev reflexes musculares.Podemos distinguish two aspects in the behaviorism of Watson.

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